1780 - J. Priestley

Joseph Priestley was probably the first, to carry out experiments to measure the gas' power to conduct heat (i.e. the specific heat, which was unknown at that time…).

In 1780, Joseph Priestley became a minister in Birmingham. He continued his scientific researches and also his theological ones. He expressed his views quite forcibly, and, in 1785, his History of the Corruptions of Christianity was publicly burned.

In 1791, Priestley was driven out of Birmingham by a mob who destroyed his home. He had expressed support for the French Revolution, and so, on the second anniversary of the storming of the Bastille, the mob burned down his laboratory, which was at his home. He moved to USA.